An Analytical Framework for Miles and Snow Typology and Dynamic Capabilities

Tomas Sparano Martins, Heitor Takashi Kato, Roberta da Rocha Rosa Martins, Eduardo Damião da Silva


The literature on dynamic capabilities is confusing, full of overlapping definitions, and contradictions. The theoretical and practical importance of developing and applying dynamic capabilities to sustain competitive advantage in complex external environment is central in studies about strategy nowadays. In this paper, we offer a definition of dynamic capabilities under two aspects: first, it refers to the shifting character of the environment; second, it emphasizes the key role of strategic management in appropriately adapting, integrating, and re-configuring internal and external organizational skills, resources, and functional competences towards a changing environment. This paper aims to clarify the concept of dynamic capabilities, propose an analytical framework that connects this “new” concept to a well known and recognized generic strategic model (Miles and Snow, 1978) and to the concept of sustainable competitive advantage and evolutionary fit.




Dynamic capabilities, Strategy, Competitive Advantage, Evolutionary Fit


Amit, R. e Schoemaker, P. 1993. Strategic assets and organizational rent. Strategic Management Journal 14 (January): 33-46.

Andrews, K. R. The concept of corporate strategy. Homewood, Illinois: Irwin, 1971.

Barney, J. B. Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, v.17 n.1, p.99-120, 1991

Barney, Jay B. Gaining and sustaining competitive advantage. 2nd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2002.

Barney, J.B. "Types of competition and the theory of strategy: Toward an integrative framework", Academy of Management Review, Vol. I pp.791 – 800, 1986.

Brown, S., Eisenhardt, K., Competing on the Edge: Strategy as Structured Chaos, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998

Collis, D. J.. Research note: How valuable are organizational capabilities?. Strategic Management Journal, vol. 15, p. 143-152, 1994.

Denford, J. "Building knowledge: developing a knowledge-based dynamic capabilities typology", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 17 Iss: 2, pp.175 – 194, 2013

Di Stefano G., Peteraf M., Verona G. Dynamic Capabilities Deconstructed. A bibliographic investigation into the origins, development and future directions of the research domain. Industrial and Corporate Change, 2009.

Eisenhardt, K. M. and Martin, J. A. (2000) ‘Dynamic Capabilities: What Are They?’, Strategic Management Journal 21(10–11): 1105–21.

Fleury, A.; Fleury, M.T. Estratégias Empresariais e Formação de Competências. São Paulo: Atlas, 2000.

Gimenez, F. A. P., Escolhas estratégicas e estilos cognitivos: um estudo com pequenas empresas. Curitiba: RAC, v. 2, n. 1, 1998.

Helfat, C. e Peteraf, M. Understanding dynamic capabilities: progress along a developmental path. Strategic Organization 7; 91, 2009.

Helfat, C., Finkelstein, S., Mitchell, W., Peteraf, M., Singh, H., Teece, D. and Winter, S. Dynamic Capabilities: Understanding Strategic Change in Organizations. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007.

Helfat C. Know-how and asset complementarity and dynamic capability accumulation: the case of R&D. Strategic Management Journal 18(5): 339-360, 1997

Hung, R. Y Y; Chung, T.; Lien, B. Y. Organizational Process Alignment and Dynamic Capabilities in High-Tech Industry , Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, Volume 18, Issue 9, pages 1023 – 1034, November 2007.

Learned, Edmund P., Christensen, C. Roland, ANDREWS, Kenneth R., GUTH, William D. Business Policy. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin, 1965.

Miller, D. and Shamsie, J. The resource-based view of the firm in two environments: the Hollywood Film Studios from 1936 to 1965. Academy of Management Journal, v.39, n.3, p.519-543, 1996.

Miles, R. e Snow, C. Fit, failure and the hall of fame. California Management Review, vol. 26, n.º 3., 1984.

Miles, R. e Snow, C. Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978.

Miles, R. E., & Snow, C. C. 1978. Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Nelson, R. R. and Winter, S. G. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, 1982.

Penrose, E. T. The Theory of the Growth of Firm, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1959.

Peteraf Margaret A. The cornerstones of competitive advantage: a resource based view. Strategic Management Journal, v.14 p.179-191, 1993.

Pisano, G. (1994). 'Knowledge integration and the locus of learning: An empirical analysis of process development', Strategic Management Journal, Winter Special Issue, 15, pp. 85-100.

Porter, M.E. Competitive Strategy: techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. New York: The Free Press, 1980.

Prahalad, C. K., Hamel, G. Competindo pelo futuro: estratégias inovadoras para obter o controle do seu setor e criar os mercados de amanhã. Rio de Janeiro: Campus, 1990.

Prahalad, C.K. & Bettis, R.A. The dominant Logic: A New Linkage Between Diversity and Performance. Strategic Management Journal 7:485-501, 1986.

Selznick, P. Leadership in administration. Los Angeles, Cal.: University of California Press, 1957

Stadler, C.; Helfat, C.; Verona, G. The Impact of Dynamic Capabilities on Resource Access and Development, Organization Science, 2013

Stalk,G.; Evans, P. & Shulman, L. E. Competing on capabilities. Harvard Business Review, mar./apr., 1992.

Teece, D. J. ‘Explicating Dynamic Capabilities: The Nature and Microfoundations of (Sustainable) Enterprise Performance’, Strategic Management Journal 28(13): 1319–50, 2007

__________,Pisano, G.; Shuen, A. Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, Chichester, v. 18, n. 7, p. 509-533, Aug. 1997.

__________; Pisano, G. The dynamic capabilities of firms: an introduction. Industrial and Corporate Change, v. 1, n. 3, 1994.

__________, , Economic analysis and strategic management, California Management Review, 26(3)(Spring), 87-l 10, 1984

Teece, D. J. Dynamic Capabilities: Routines versus Entrepreneurial Action. Journal of Management Studies, 49: 1395–1401, 2012

Voguel, R.; Guttel. W. The Dynamic Capability View in Strategic Management: A Bibliometric Review, International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 15, Issue 4, pp. 426-446, 2013

Wernerfelt; B. A resource-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal. V.5, p. 171-180, 1984.

Winter, S. G. Understanding Dynamic Capabilities, Strategic Management Journal 24(10): 991–5, 2003

Whittington, R. O que é estratégia. São Paulo: Thomson Learning do Brasil, 2006.

Zaidi, M. and Othman, S. Understanding the Concept of Dynamic Capabilities by Dismantling Teece, Pisano, and Shuen (1997)’s Definition. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 8, 2012

Zahra, S. A.; Pearce II, J. A. Research evidence on the Miles-Snow typology. Journal of Management, v. 16, n. 4, p. 751-768, 1990.

Zollo, M. and Winter, S. G. ‘Deliberate Learning and the Evolution of Dynamic Capabilities’, Organization Science 13(3): 339–51, 2002.

Full Text: PDF (Português (Brasil))


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Iberoamerican Journal of Strategic Management  e-ISSN: 2176-0756

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença
Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional